There’s a professor at the University of Toronto in Canada who has come up with a term to describe the way a lot of North American interact these days. And now a big research study confirms it.
Professor Barry Wellman’s term is “networked individualism”. It’s not the easiest concept to grasp. In fact, the words seem to contradict each other. How can we be individualistic and networked at the same time? You need other people for network.
Here’s what he means. Until the internet and e-mail came along, our social network involved flesh-and-blood relatives, friends, neighbors, and colleagues. Some of the interaction was by phone, but it was still voice to voice, person to person in real life.
But the latest study confirms that for a lot of people, electronic interaction through the computer has replaced a great deal of social activities and person-to-person interaction. Some people worry that the Internet is turning us into isolated people who shut out other people in favor of a false world on computer screens
To the contrary, the study discovered that the Internet connects us with more real people than expected- helpful people who can give advice on careers, medical problems, raising children, and choosing a school or college. About 60 million Americans told the researchers that the Internet plays an important or crucial role in helping them deal with major life decisions.
So we network individuals are pretty tricky: we’re keeping more to ourselves, while at the same time reaching out to more people, all with just the click of a computer mouse!
44. The term “networked individualism” is used to refer to ________.
A the way that modern people communicate on the Internet
B a social activity popular with North Americans
C the contradiction within network communication
D a newly invented Internet software
45. With the wide use of Internet, some people fear that____.
A people will become isolated
B interpersonal relation will disappear
C people will be controlled by network
D there will be too many social activities
46. According to the latest research, electronic interaction through computer is ______.
A highly rewarding
B a waste of time
C only informative
D an escape from social life
47. Why does the writer say network individuals are tricky?
A Because they sometimes play tricks on people.
B Because they refuse person-to-person communication.
C Because they can stay alone while remaining sociable.
D Because they feel puzzled when communicating with each other.
“I love you Bob.” “I love you too, Nancy.” it was 2 a.m., and I was hearing my parents’ voices through the thin wall separating my bedroom from theirs. Their loving words were sweet, touching—and surprising.
My parents married on September 14, 1940, after a brief dating. She was nearly 30 and knew it was time to start a family. The handsome well-educated man who came by the office where she worked looked like a good bet. He was attracted by her figure, her blue eyes. The romance didn’t last long.
Seeds of difference grew almost immediately. She liked to travel; he hated the thought. He loved golf; she did not. He was a Republican, she a loyal Democrat. They fought at the bridge table, at the dinner table, over money, over the perceived shortcomings of their respective in-laws.
There was a hope that they would change once they retired, and the angry winds did calm somewhat, but what remained changed itself into bright, hard bitterness. “I always thought we’d …” my mother would begin, before launching into a precise listing of my father’s faults. The complaints were recited so often, I can repeat them by heart today. as he listened, my father would say angry threats and curses in a low voice.
It wasn’t the happiest marriage, but as their 60th anniversary(纪念日)approached, my sister and I decided to throw a party. Sixty years was a long time, after all; why not try to make the best of things? We’d provide the cakes, the balloons, the toasts, and they’d follow one rule: no fighting.
The agreement was honored. We had a wonderful day. When we thought back, we found it was an important celebration, because soon after, things began to change for my parents.
48. Bob married Nancy because of ______.
A her nice appearance
B her good education
C her romantic nature
D her position as an office girl
49. When the writer told the story, the mother was probably ___ years old.
A 60 B 70 C 80 D 90
50. What do we know about the writer’s parents?
A Their marriage is a total failure.
B They had different hobbies.
C They had serious money problem.
D They stopped quarrelling after they had children.
51. The purpose for the writer to hold the party is____.
A to recall the 60 years’ marriage life of her parents
B to stop the long fighting between her parents
C just to celebrate her parents’ 60th anniversary
D to have a good time for family’s reunion
What can you do to recall your dreams more often and interpret them more clearly? The experts offer these suggestions:
Develop an idea. Before you go to sleep, consciously think about a topic or a person you’d like to dream about. Raise a question that’s troubling you and see how your dream responds to it.
Keep track. Next to your bed, place a pen and some paper, or a tape recorder or a laptop(笔记本电脑) , to record your dreams as soon as you wake up.
Try to wake up naturally, without the help of an alarm clock or barking dog that can interrupt your dream cycle. If your schedule doesn’t allow you to sleep in during the week, begin your dream journey on a weekend or during a vocation.
Wake up slowly. For the first moment after you wake up, lie still and keep your eyes closed, because your dream may be connected to your body position while you slept. Try to recall the dream and then store it in your memory by giving it a name like “Late for an Exam” or “My Dare with Ashley Judd” when you rise, immediately wrote down as many images, feeling and impressions as you can.
Connect the dots. To better interpret your dreams, try to make connection between your recalled dreams and recent events. Do you recognize people from the present or past? Can you detect any themes from the dream? Look for partners over several dreams that might help explain an individual dream.
Change the outcome. If you have nightmares happening again and again that make it different to sleep, try to change the endings. Once you wake up from a bad dream, imagine a change in the action to create more positive outcome. If you are trapped, try to fly. In your dream, you can do what you want!
52. The passage advices you to” wake up slowly” ______.
A because dreaming usually happens not long before you wake up
B because sleeping posture may be related to your dream
C so as not to connect your dreams
D so as not to have a nightmare
53. The underlined word “rise”(Paragraph 6) means”_____”.
A come up
B stand up
C wake up
D get up
54. According to the passage, how can you overcome a nightmare?
A Try to imagine you are a superman.
B Try to create a new ending of the nightmare.
C Try to think about some happy things.
D Try to forget the nightmare.
55. In which column of a magazine or newspaper may the article appear?
V Daily Conversation (15 points)
Directions: Pick out five appropriate expressions from the eight choices below and complete the following dialogue by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
A I’m free now B make sure
C I’m afraid I can’t make it D give me your number
E who’s calling F It’s very kind of you
G You’re welcome H take care
Secretary: Good morning. Dr. Smith’s office.
Wang: Good morning. May I speak to Dr. Smith, please?
Secretary: He’s at a meeting just now. May I ask __56__ please?
Wang: This is Wang Xiaohong. I’m an exchange scholar from China. I’ve just arrived in the U.S., and I’d like to discuss my research plans with Dr. Smith. I had an appointment with him at 2 p.m. this afternoon, but__57__. I’d like to reschedule it.
Secretary: Why don’t you __58__ and I’ll have him get back to you as soon as possible.
Wang: Sure. It’s 965-4778.
Secretary: OK. I’ll __59__ he gets the message.
Wang: Thank you.
Secretary: __60__. Goodbye.
VI Writings (254 points)
Directions: For this part, you are supposed to write a notice in English in 100~120 words based on the following situation. Remember to write it clearly.
61. 下个月将有来自60个国家的2000多名青少年来本市参加“Robocup 2007”(2007世界机器人足球赛)。校学生会计划成立一个120人的志愿者(volunteer)团队。请你写一篇征求志愿者的通知。内容包括：